History of the County of Lunenburg (microform), Nova Scotia, Canada

FIRST EDITION

PREFACE TO FIRST EDITION.

To the inhabitants of the County of Lunenburg:

I have for some time given to the preparation of the following history of my native county, the leisure left me by my professional and public duties.

I am indebted for information to the works of Haliburton, Dawson, Murdoch, Aikins, and others; and to important public and private documents. I have examined all the places of special historic interest referred to, and heard from the lips of many of the most aged residents, four of whom have attained respectively to ninety-five, ninety- six, ninety-eight, and over one hundred years, their personal recollections, and statements made to them by their ancestors.

To each one who shall peruse the work, I beg to say, in the words of an ancient author, "I wish thee as much pleasure in the reading as I had in the writing."



PREFACE TO SECOND EDITION.

In England, where county annals are highly valued, a writer has said, "Local histories are always welcome, even beyond the districts which they immediately concern. They preserve for us the past."

Since the publication, in 1870, of the first edition of this work, I have received numerous applications for copies, which could not be supplied, and I have been several times advised by friends to publish another edition. I have also had from many of its readers very encouraging words, some of which are the following, from a letter written to me in August, 1889, by one living in a far away Province:
"I remember well the first appearance of your history, at which time I read it with pleasure and much interest, for it gave a good account of our antecedents. I have often wondered how and where you got all the material for its composition. I regard it as one of the most valuable of the collection of books I possess. I am proud of my county, its antiquity, its early pioneers, its present inhabitants, and its advancement in that which pertains to perfect civilization."

I have revisited many districts, conversed with the oldest people, perused additional historical documents, and no pains have been spared in the endeavor to make the book a complete county record.

 

Table of Contents

CHAPTER I.
Situation of the County Indian Names La Tour Grant Cornwallis at Merliguesche Township of Lunenburg Obtaining Settlers from Germany Arrivals at Halifax - Description of Luneburg in the Fatherland Opinions about Germany and Germans 17-26

CHAPTER II.
Arrival at Lunenburg Captains Cobb and Rous - First Birth - Military and Civil Authority - Block-houses -Rebellion Commons Stock, Houses, Huts, Crops, Mills, and Vehicles - First Ferry First Shop 27-42

CHAPTER III.
Town Plot Allotments and Registry of Land First Deeds - Letters, Petitions, Orders, and Official Returns Boundaries of Township Jessen Expedition Boundaries of County Townships established Bounties Settlers and Stock First Civil List Governor's Praise of Germans- Inhabitants, Stock and Crops Governor's Letter to Earl of Dartmouth Inventory of Property of C.B. Zouberbuhler 43-59

CHAPTER IV.
Councillor Creighton Bulkeley's Letter and Orders Leave Asked to Dig Coal in Cape Breton First Court-house Block-houses Captures Impressment Invasion of Lunenburg Grant of Township Militia Officers named in German Almanac Lieutenant Rudolf's Letter to Queen Victoria's father Capture of Vessels Amended County Line 60-79

CHAPTER V.
Churches of different Denominations in the Town of Lunenburg, and Notices of Clergymen who have resided there 80-106

CHAPTER VI.
Biographical Notices of prominent persons, other than Clergymen. who have lived in the Town of Lunenburg 107-124

CHAPTER VII.
Distinguished Visitors and Public Celebrations First Mayor and Council Town of Lunenburg 125-130

CHAPTER VIII.
Kingsburg, Ritcey's Cove, and adjacent Settlements 131-134

CHAPTER IX.
The Ovens, and Gold Discoveries there, with accounts of other Settlements 135-139

CHAPTER X.
Cross Island, near the Entrance to Lunenburg Harbor, and other Islands in the same vicinity 140-142

CHAPTER XI.
Early Settlement at Mahone Bay, with History of its Churches and Clergymen, and other matters of interest Indian Point 143-152

CHAPTER XII.
Northfield Maitland Riversdale New Cornwall 153-155

CHAPTER XIII.
New Germany First Settlers Churches Clergymen and others who have resided there Manufactories 156-165

CHAPTER XIV.
Arrival of I'Escarbot, French Lawyer and Poet, at La Heve, in 1607 Subsequent Settlement of French near Getson's Cove, with account of Fort, Garrison, and Chapel 166-180

CHAPTER XV.
British Settlement in the Township of New Dublin 181-187

CHAPTER XVI.
Bridgewater - Its Early Settlement - Churches and other building - Clergymen - Manufactures 188-210

CHAPTER XVII.
Biographical Notices of Persons who have Conducted Business and Resided at Bridgewater 211-222

CHAPTER XVIII.
Settlement at Hebb's Mills - Gold Discovered at Mellipsigit 223-225

CHAPTER XIX.
La Have River Its Rise, and Course to the Ocean Poems on the River, by different authors 226-235

CHAPTER XX.
La Have Iron-bound Island 236-239

CHAPTER XXI.
Settlements and Places between Getson's Cove and Vogler's Cove Churches and Clergymen Biographical Notices 240-252

CHAPTER XXII.
Arrival at Chester of Settlers from Boston, August, 1759 Grant of Township Registry of lots Progress made 253-277

CHAPTER XXIII.
Churches Built at Chester - Clergymen of Different Denominations 278-291

CHAPTER XXIV.
Biographical notices of persons who have lived at Chester 292-299

CHAPTER XXV.
Islands in Chester Bay, and incidents connected with the same, including searches made for "Kidd's treasure" at Oak Island 300-315

CHAPTER XXVI.
Blandford Bayswater Aspotogon Deep Cove Mill Cove Fox Point 316-320

CHAPTER XXVII.
New Ross Its Settlement by Disbanded Soldiers Rations allowed Churches and Clergymen Settlement at Sherwood 321-330

CHAPTER XXVIII.
Rivers in the Township of Chester Gold Deposits at Gold River 331-334

CHAPTER XXIX.
Scenery in different parts of the County 335-340

CHAPTER XXX.
The Aborigines Murders and Scalpings by them Burial-places Interesting Incidents 341-351

CHAPTER XXXI.
Diary of Rev. James Munroe, and Recollections of Several Aged People 352-378

CHAPTER XXXII.
Remarkable Instances of Longevity Epitaphs Old German Bibles 379-390

CHAPTER XXXIII.
Baptisms, Weddings, and Funerals in Early Times 391-395

CHAPTER XXXIV.
Education Progress made in different parts of the County Teachers Hardships endured by some of them 396-406

CHAPTER XXXV.
Temperance Early and continued efforts to secure Total Abstinence Temperance Societies organized and at work in the County 407-412

CHAPTER XXXVI.
Geological and Mineralogical Deposits, with Reports on the same 413-417

CHAPTER XXXVII.
Natural History of the County - Manmmals. Birds, Reptiles, Molluscs, Fishes-Flowering and Flowerless Plants 418-430

CHAPTER XXXVIII.
Census Returns from earliest dates, with Comparative Statements 431-440

CHAPTER XXXIX.
Men returned, appointed, and called as Representatives Parliament, from 1758 to the present time Wardens and Councillors for Lunenburg and New Dublin, and Chester 441-447

CHAPTER XL.
Agriculture and Horticulture Work done by Men and Women the County, and Improvements made from time to time in the Raising of Crops and Fruits 448-460

CHAPTER XLI.
Fisheries Kinds and quantities of Fish caught - Vessels, Boats, and Men engaged - Deep Sea and other Fishing 461-471

CHAPTER XLII.
Manufactures in the Town of Lunenburg, with Vessels and Boats Built there and elsewhere in the County 472-484

CHAPTER XLIII.
Exports and Imports 485-490

CHAPTER XLIV.
Celebration at Bridgewater of the Jubilee Year of Her Majesty Queen Victoria 491-493

CHAPTER XLV.
Tragical events which have happened in the County 494-508

CHAPTER XLVI.
Tales of Shipwreck suffered by Mariners and others belonging to the County Chase and explosion of "Young Teazer" - 509-521

CHAPTER XLVII.
Rescues of Persons in Peril on the Sea, and Presentations made for Deeds of Bravery, and as Tokens of Esteem 522-531

CHAPTER XLVIII.
History of the Nova Scotia Central Railway 532-539

CHAPTER XLIX.
Visit of New England Journalists to the County in 1891 540-545

CHAPTER L.
Lighthouses Rivers and Lakes Heights of different places - Tables of distances with old routes of travel 546-552

CHAPTER LI.
Miscellanea 553-575

 

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Lunenburg is one of the counties situated on the south shore of Nova Scotia, and is bounded inland on the north-east by the counties of Hants and Halifax; on the southwest by Queen's county; and on the north-west by Annapolis and King's counties.

It is a most valuable and important part of this "little Province by the sea," which our distinguished fellow-countryman. Sir William Dawson, has declared to be "the richest place on the face of the earth, for the size of it;" and which another clever Nova Scotian, the late Attorney-General Wilkins, said in the House of Assembly, "came from the hands of the Creator, endowed with greater natural advantages than any territory of equal dimensions on the face of the globe."