History of the county of Peterborough, Ontario, Canada

The following pages, it is confidently believed, will not only be found to fulfill all the various conditions outlined in the Propectus, but will be recognized as supplying a long-felt want. With the exception of the first portion, the matter embodied in the work is necessarily to a large extent local in its application, but much of it will be found to be not devoid of interest, even for those who have no special concern with the County of Peterborough. No pains or expense have been spared to render every portion of it worthy of the subject-matter. Many of the incidents narrated in the historical portion are now chronicled for the first time. Not a few of the personal episodes will doubtless enable its readers to recall long-forgotten memories, and, In imagination, to live over again the happy days of their youth.

The slight delay which has occurred in the production of the work has been due to a desire to secure complete accuracy, and to produce a volume which will not only be read with present interest, but which will be permanently useful for purposes of reference. It is too much to expect that a book embodying such a multiplicity of details should be absolutely free from error, but the opinion is confidently expressed that this County History will at least compare favorably with other works of its class, and that in many important respects it will he found to he considerably in advance of them.

"A Brief History of Canada and the Canadian People" was written by Dr. C. Pelham Mulvany, of Toronto, who also wrote the History of the County and Town of Peterborough. The Township Histories were pre- pared by Mr. Charles M. Ryan, of Toronto, with local assistance. The History of Haliburton County was written by Mr. Charles R. Stewart, of Haliburton Village. The biographical sketches were prepared by efficient writers from notes collected by the solicitors, and a copy of each biography has be.en sent by mail to 'the various subjects, giving each an opportunity to correct any errors that might have crept into their sketches. Where the copy was not returned the publisher was obliged to print the originals.

To the county, town and township officers, and many intelligent residents of Peterborough, the publisher is indebted for favors and generous assistance in the preparation of the work.


Table of Contents


I. Pre-Historic 1
II. Jacques Cartier 7
III. Cartier's Successors 13
IV. Acadia 16
V. Samuel de Champlain 22
VI. Champlain and the Ottawa 33
VII. The Recollet Mission 38
VIII. Champlain's Difficulties 50
IX. Champlain Governor of Canada 57
X. The Jesuit Missions 59
XI. The Beginning of Montreal 67
XII. The Government of Montmagny 73
XIII. Canada under Royal Government 82
XIV. The English Military Government 93
XV. The American Revolution as it affected Canada 97
XVI. The Constitution of 1791 103
XVII. The Settlement of English-Speaking Canada 110
XVIII. Lower Canada from 1791 to 1812 119
XIX. The \Var of 1812-'15 125
XX. Lower Canada from the Peace to 1828 137
XXI. Upper Canada from the Peace to 1828 139
XXII. Canada on the Eve of Rebellion 143
XXIII. Revolt 148
XXIV. The Civil War 150
XXV. The Civil War - continued 159
XXVI. The Civil War - Montgomery's Farm 165
XXVII. The Family Compact Terror 175
XXVIII. The Union of the Provinces 179
XXIX. Confederation 195
XXX. Prosperous Days 203
XXXI. Recent Years 207


I. The County of Peterborough 215-245
II. History of the Town of Peterborough 246-270
III. Progress of the Settlement 271-280
IV. A Paternal Government 281-288
V. Peterborough 289-307
VI. Military Peterborough 308-326
VII. Education and Journalism 327-333
VIII. Incorporation and Royalty 334-339
IX. The Living and the Dead 340-344
X. Peterborough Water Works 345-351
XI. Miscellaneous Matters 352-259
XII. Ashburnham 360-362
XIII. Lo! The Poor Indian 363-372



I. Organization and Geology 463-474
II. Minerals and Haliburton Village 475-481
III. The Townships 482-505 PART V.


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The history of Canada is the history of three races, - the Indian, the Frenchman, and the English-speaking immigrant from the British isles or the neighboring Republic.